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The unsettled state of the country rendering it necessary that the Queen should live in places of security, she successively occupied several castles, and spent some time on the lone but pleasant isle of Inchmahon in the lake of Monteith. After the Battle of Pinkie, the Scottish people were more averse than Married Biggar married looking for a playmate to the marriage of the Queen with Edward of England, and becoming apprehensive that no place in their country might afford her adequate protection, they resolved to send her to France.

The Queen, attended by Lady Fleming and her four Marys, accordingly set sail for France in a French galley, commanded by Monsieur de Villegaignon, in the month of Julywhen the Queen was in the sixth year of her age. When they had almost reached their destination, a violent storm arose, which lasted several days, and caused the youthful voyagers to suffer severely from sea-sickness.

Lady Fleming repeatedly implored the captain to allow the Queen and her companions to land, and repose themselves a short time on shore; but his instructions being peremptory against any such step, he resisted all her solicitations, and at length, in a fit of ill humour, told her that she must either go to the place appointed for disembarkation, or be engulphed in the stormy ocean. Lady Fleming was much respected and caressed at the French court. The attentions paid to her gave a handle to the English ambassador to make an attempt to injure her reputation, by alleging, in a letter which he sent to the English court, that an improper intimacy existed between her and the French king.

The story appears to have been a mere fabrication, got up for the purpose of gratifying certain parties in England. As a proof of this, we may a quote a letter which he wrote regarding her to the Queen Dowager of Scotland:—. The really good, virtuous, and hoqourable manner in which Bhe performs her duties therein, makes it only reasonable that you and I should have her, and the children of her family, in perpetual remembrance on this.

She has been lamenting to me that one of her sons is a prisoner in England, and I desire to lend a helping hand, as far as possible, to obtain his deliverance; yet, situated as I am, it is not quite easy to accomplish that wish. It appears to me, Madame my good sister, that you ought to write and request, as you have the means of doing so, to have him exchanged for some English prisoner.

In doing thin, you will perform a good work for a person who merits it. The services of Lady Fleming being no longer required about the person of the Queen, she returned to her own country inand most likely took up her residence at Boghall Castle, as ased to her by her husband. Her daughter Mary, however, remained with the Queen as one of her maids of honour, and no doubt was present at all those amusements Married Biggar married looking for a playmate festivities in which it is said the Queen so largely participated, during her abode in France.

She would be one of her bridesmaids on the occasion of her marriage to the Dauphin, and she would be called on to condole with her when that young monarch was laid in a premature grave. She accompanied her back to Scotland, and heard her take that affectionate farewell of France which has been so pathetically described by many historians, and which has furnished a theme of inspiration to not a few gifted sons of song.

She was afterwards a witness of some of those scenes in the life of her royal mistress, which have invested her history with a romantic interest beyond that of any monarch that ever lived,— such as her warlike displays, her progresses through her dominions, her interviews with Knox, her marriage to Damley, the murder of Rizzio, the birth of a son in Edinburgh Castle, the loss of her husband by violence, etc.

Bot fie upon that knave Death, that will come quhidder we will or not, and quhen he hes laid on his areist the foull wormes will be busie with this flesch, be it nevir so fair and so tender. And the silly saull sail be so feabill, that it can nyther cary with it gold, gamisching, targating, pearll, nor precious stones. Knox was incensed against Queen Mary because she gave her subjects toleration with regard to their religious opinions, and because she would not renounce the faith in which she had been brought up, and become an active promoter of the principles of the Reformation.

He was evidently at bottom a hilarious sort of man; but in the discharge of his duties as a minister of the Gospel, he considered himself warranted to express a strong dislike of all harmless amusements, and to attempt the imposition of the most grave and depressing austerities, particularly on the young Queen and her courtiers. One of the amusements at that time practised at the Scottish court, was the cutting of a cake in which a bean had been concealed, and the distributing of it among the company present. The person who found the bean was denominated the Queen or King of the Bean, according as it might fall into the hands of a lady or a gentleman.

The amusement of cutting the cake took place on the 5th of January, being the eve of Epiphany, and no doubt had its origin in connection with the ceremonies observed at the celebration of this Romish festival. On the day following, a banquet was served up in honour of the person to whose lot the bean had fallen; and, at this entertainment, the holder of the bean was saluted as King or Queen, and called on to act the part of a sovereign. Fortune was so favourable to faire Fleyming, that, if shee could have seen to have judged of her vertue and beauty, as blindly shee went to work and chose her at adventure, shee wold sooner have made her a Queen for ever, than for one only day to exalt her so high and the nixt to leave her in the state shee found her.

Ther lacked only for so noble a hart a worthie realme to endue that which—That day yt was to be seen, by her princely pomp, how fite a match she wold be, wer she to contend ether with Venus in beauty, Minerva in witt, or Juno in worldly wealth, haveing the two former by nature, and of the third so much as is contained in this realme at her command and free disposition. The treasure of Solomon, I trowe, was not to be compared unto that which that day hanged upon her back. Happy was yt unto this realme that her raigne endured no longer. Two such sights in one state, in soe good accord, I beleeve was never seen, as to behold two worthie Queens possess, without envie, one kingdom both upon a day.

I leave the rest unto your Lordship to be judged of.

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My pen stag-gereth, my hand faileth farther to wryt. Ther praises surmount whatsomever may be thought of them. James Lord Fleming, who succeeded his father, who fell at Pinkie, was a nobleman of distinguished abilities, and took a prominent part in the public transactions of the period in which he lived. In Septemberalong with the Earls of Huntly, Sutherland, Marischal, Cassillis, and other noblemen, he accompanied Mary of Lorraine, the Queen Dowager, in a visit which she paid to her native country of France.

They sailed from Leith, and landed at Dieppe, Married Biggar married looking for a playmate Normandy, in the middle of October. They then proceeded to Rouen, where the French court was, and after spending some time there in mirth and jollity, they paid a visit to Paris, and participated in the gaiety and festivities that then characterized the French capital. The ostensible object of the Queen Dowager was to see her daughter, then receiving her education in France; but her principal de in reality was to prevail on the French king to Married Biggar married looking for a playmate his influence to secure for her the office of Regent of Scotland.

The King promised that he would do so, provided the Earl of Arran, at the time Regent, would voluntarily re his office. After her return to Scotland, she set herself industriously to obtain the great object of her ambition, the Regency of the kingdom. Her efforts being crowned with success, she was, inexalted to the office of chief ruler of the ancient realm of Scotland, and thus, as Knox says, had a croun put upoun hir Heid, als seimlie a sicht, gif men had eyes, as to put a Saidill upoun the Back of ane unrewlie Cow. He was also, on the death of Patrick, Earl of Bothwell, chosen Guardian and Lieutenant of the East and Middle Marches on the Border, with the power of justiciary within the limits of his jurisdiction.

Lord Fleming was one of the Commissioners appointed by the Scottish Parliament, on the 18th Decemberto be present at the marriage of Queen Mary with the Dauphin of France. To defray their expenses, a tax of L. The Commissioners, before leaving Scotland, had been carefully instructed to give no sanction to the marriage unless they obtained the most ample guarantees that the independence of the country would be maintained, and its laws and liberty secured. Before their arrival, Henry, King of France, had obtained the ature of Queen Mary to a document, conferring on him and his heirs the crown of Scotland, and her right to that of England in case of her decease without lineal succession; and to another, transferring to him the revenues of her kingdom in payment of one million of gold crowns, or any greater sum that might be expended on her board and Married Biggar married looking for a playmate in France or in defence of her kingdom.

The French king, finding that they were inflexibly bent on adhering to their resolution, detained them several weeks amid the gaieties and festivities of the French capital; and on dismissing them, expressed a hope that they would at least support a proposal, which he intended to lay before the Estates of Scotland, to confer the crown-matrimonial of Scotland on the Dauphin.

Their young Queen also preferred the same request; and after promising to give the subject a careful consideration, they took leave of the French court, and in a short time arrived at Dieppe. At this town the Bishop of Orkney died suddenly; and in a day or two afterwards, the Earls of Rothes and Cassillis, and several other members of the embassy, were also laid in the grave. Lord Fleming, alarmed at the sudden mortality among his colleagues, drew up his Last Will and Testament, which is still preserved in the archives of the family.

As no infectious disorder prevailed at the time, the general impression in Scotland was, that he and his colleagues died from the effects of poison, which had been administered to them in consequence of their refusal to comply with the ambitious des of the French court.

Lord Fleming was married at an early age to Barbara, a daughter of the Duke of Chatelherault. On the 14th Decemberhe conferred on her a charter of part of the barony of Lenzie; and on the 21st December of the year following, he executed another charter in her favour, constituting her liferenter of the lands of Kildowan and Auchtermony. He left by this lady an only child—a daughter.

Father Baillie, who wrote a work on the events of that period, eays that John Knox, the Reformer, after the death of his first wife, inpaid his addresses to Lady Fleming. He accordingly made suit to Margaret Stewart, a daughter of Lord Ochiltree, who was connected with the royal family, and being accepted, he was married to that lady in March On the 17th Mayhe married Elizabeth, only daughter and heiress of Robert, Master of Ross, who was killed at Pinkie. The marriage, instead of being celebrated at the Castles of Biggar or Cumbernauld, took place in presence of Queen Mary and her court at Holyrood.

From an of the festivities which took place on this occasion, it would seem that they were celebrated in the Royal Park, at the lower end of the valley, between Arthur Seat and Salisbury Crags, a place at that time covered with water. Here the Queen, with her nobles, and foreign ambassadors, forgot for a time the cares and troubles of her unruly kingdom, and gave herself up to mirth and jollity. On the 1st of Augustthe Queen and Parliament conferred on Lord Fleming the office of Lord Chamberlain, an office that had been held by three of his immediate predecessors. In he received a grant of a third of the profits and rents of the Priory of Whithorn, as a compensation, in part, for services which he had rendered to the Queen, and for the losses which he had sustained by depredations committed by marauders from the borders.

This outrage naturally caused a great uproar in the Palace. The attendants on the Queen were taken quite by surprise, and finding themselves utterly incompetent to contend against the assailing force, they escaped by the back windows, and some of them did not stop till they reached the Castle of Crichton. These persons, along with the other conspirators, were summoned on the 19th March following to compear personally before the King and Queen, and the Lords of the Secret Council, to answer such Married Biggar married looking for a playmate as would be laid to their charge.

Their names, however, do not appear in the list of those who were put to the horn for their participation in this outrage. It is not unlikely that they submitted themselves to the Council, and were sentenced to some slight punishment. On the 19th of AprilLord Fleming, along with other noblemen, subscribed a bond, acquitting the Earl of Bothwell of the murder of Lord Damley, recommending him as a fit and proper person to be elevated to the honour of being the Queen's husband, and pledging himself to stand up in defence of this unseemly and unnatural connection.

The subscription of this bond was extorted by Bothwell from Lord Fleming and the other nobles, whom he had invited to an entertainment, and whom, it is said, he overawed, by surrounding them with a strong body of his retainers. Armed with this document, Bothwell seized the Queen at Cramond, and carried her off to the strong Castle of Dunbar. In a few days afterwards they appeared publicly in the streets of Edinburgh; and Bothwell, having obtained a divorce from his wife, was married to the Queen, on the 15th df May, by the Bishop of Orkney. The Queen, therefore, by marrying Bothwell, lost the sympathy and respect of a great portion of her subjects.

A report was spread, that Bothwell, having now obtained an entire control over the Queen, entertained the de of seizing the person of her only son James, of two years of age, and most likely of putting him to death also. Many of the nbbles, therefore, flew to arms, to protect the young Prince, to thwart the treacherous schemes of Bothwell, and rescue the Queen from the fangs of her bloodstained paramour.

Mary summoned her subjects to rally to her standard, and having assembled a considerable force, she left Dunbar and advanced towards Edinburgh. They therefore made a detour by Wallyford, and ascended the hill until they came nearly in contact with the Queen's troops.

The Queen, with her usual boldness and impetuosity, insisted on bringing the matters in dispute at once to the arbitration of the sword; but her friends by no means possessed the same ardour for the combat as herself. They counselled delay until the expected reinforcements from Clydesdale, under the command of the Haxniltons, should arrive.

The Queen then proposed that she should go and meet them, promising that she would immediately return; but this de was opposed. It is likely that these reinforcements were at the very time on their way to the Queen. The opposing forces came face to face on Carberry Hill on the 15th of June; and on the day preceding, the following letter was sent by Lord John Hamilton to Lord Fleming, at his Castle of Boghall:—. Heirfoir I haif thocht goid to send this berar, knawing that zour lordship sould be togidder this nicht, in to Beggar, to knaw zour dyet, and thinkis goid, safand better counsell, that we joyne us togidder or we cum to hir Maiestie, baith for zour surete and ouris.

And we intend quhen we marche, to pass be Pentlandhilla or neir therhie, and gif ze please to appoint ony place be that way, we being chargit to cum fordwart, we wald be glad to meit zou ther, as ye sail appoint; and the rest referris to zour advertisment with the berar; and sa committis zour lordship to the protectioune of God, this Saterday at vij houris afoirnoune the xiiij of Junij She was conducted with every mark of indignity and disrespect to Edinburgh, and next day, in violation of the conditions on which she had surrendered, she was placed in confinement in Lochleven Castle.

After the surrender of the Queen at. The likelihood is, that they had been despatched from Hamilton to hold a conference with him, and learn his des. It is evident from the following extract from the letter, that their stay with him was short, and that, to their credit, they left him to his fate:—'Bodwell doethe still remaine in the northe partyes, bot the Lordis Seaton and Flemynge, which have ben there, have utterlye abandoned hym, and doe repayre hetherwardes. The party opposed to the Queen saw that it would be of importance to gain the countenance and oo-operation of the leaders of the Protestant Church, now in the ascendancy in Scotland, as thereby they were likely to secure the favour of the great body of the people.

They, therefore, took an active part in the prooeedings of the General Assembly which met at Edinburgh in the month of June, and which was presided over by the celebrated George Buchanan, Principal of St Leonards College, St Andrews. Through their influence, letters were addressed to Lord Fleming and a of noblemen belonging to the other faction, calling upon them to come to Edinburgh to engage in the important work of establishing the principles of true religion in the Church, defining the just rules of ecclesiastical government, and providing a suitable maintenance for the clergy and the poor, A commission, consisting of John Knox, John Douglas, John Row, and John Craig, was appointed to wait upon these lords in person; but Lord Fleming was too zealous a Roman Catholic, and too much devoted to the cause of the Queen, to comply with any such proposal, even though he had entertained no apprehension of danger in appearing in Edinburgh, which was then entirely in the hands of his opponents.

Morton, Ruthven, Grange, and the other barons leagued against the Queen, soon found that all their ostentatious zeal for the Protestant faith would not be sufficient to support their popularity. Their treacherous and cruel treatment of the Queen was beginning to rouse the indignation of the people, and the charge of rebellion both at home and abroad was constantly rung in their ears.

They considered that, in order to extenuate their conduct, it would be necessary to make the Queen still more accessory to her own humiliation. The Queen was forced, from a dread of personal violence, to adhibit her name to the degrading documents, which stript her of her crown.

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Steps were immediately taken to have the young Prince crowned. Fleming, Boyd, and other friends of the Queen were still assembled, to invite them to be present at the coronation, which was to take place on the 29th of July. They were, of course, astonished to hear of the Queen's abdication, and could scarcely believe that it had occurred; but, after some consultation, John Hamilton, Archbishop of St Andrews, in reply to Sir James Melville, said, 'We ar beholden to the noble men wha has sent yon with that frendly and discret commissioun, and following ther desyre ar redy to concure with them, gif they mak us sufficient securitie of that quhilk ye have said in ther name.

In sa doing they gif us occasion to supose the best of all ther proceadings past and to com; sa that gif they had maid us foir-sean of ther first enterpryse to the punishment of the mourtheris we suld have tone plane pairt with them. And wheras now we ar heir eonvenit, it is not till persew or offend any of them, bot to be vpon our awen gardis, vnderstanding of sa gret a concourse of noblemen, barrons, bourroues, and vthrs subiects.

Not being maid privy to ther enterpryse, we thocht meit to draw us togither till we mycht se whertu thingis wald turn. The confederated lords at Hamilton not having received satisfactory assurance of protection, and not approving of the business to be transacted, did not attend the coronation of the infant Prince at Stirling. In the Castle of Dumbarton, held for the Queen by Lord Fleming, they entered into a bond for the purpose of restoring the Queen to liberty. The document to which they appended their names commences by stating that they had no freedom of access to her Majesty for transacting their lawful business; and therefore they bind themselves to use all diligence, and to adopt all reasonable means to set her at liberty, upon such conditions as may be consistent with her honour, the advantage of her kingdom, and the security of her subjects.

In the event of the refusal of Married Biggar married looking for a playmate noblemen who had her in custody to open her prison-doors, they declared that they would employ themselves, their kin and friends, their servants and partakers, and their bodies and lives, to put her Highness at liberty, as well as to procure the punishment of the murderer of the King her husband, and the safe preservation of the Prince her son.

Queen Mary, by the aid of William Douglas, a boy of fifteen or sixteen years of age, was at length enabled, on Sunday the 2d Mayto escape from Lochleven. She was received, on landing from the boat that conveyed her ashore, by Lord Seton and a party of his retainers, and conveyed to Niddrie Castle, and next day to Hamilton. Intelligence of her escape soon spread far and wide, and brought large accessions to her ranks, so that in the course of a day or two her troops amounted to men.

A bond was drawn up and ed by nine earls, nine bishops, eighteen lords, twelve abbots and priors, and about a hundred other barons, pledging themselves to protect the Queen and restore her to her rights. Lord Fleming, of course, was among the of those who ed this bond. The Hamiltons being amdous to gain an ascendancy in the management of public affairs, thought that the presence of the Queen was necessary to the accomplishment of their des, and therefore they detained her several days in the Castle of Draffen.

The Earl of Murray had assembled a force of men at Glasgow, and a request was sent to him by the lords at Hamilton to agree to repone the Queen to her former status at the head of the Married Biggar married looking for a playmate but as he refused to do this, it was resolved to conduct the Queen in a sort of warlike procession to the Castle of Dumbarton on the 13th of May, under the direction of the Duke of Argyle, who had been appointed commander-in-chief of the Queen's forces.

Though thrown into a state of some confusion by the shower of balls to which they were exposed, yet being confident in the superiority of their s, they continued to press up the rising ground on which the village is situated. The shock of spears was tremendous; and these weapons from either side were so closely interlaced, that pistols and broken shafts flung on them were prevented from falling to the ground.

The Regent seized this juncture to make an onset with his main body, and the effect of it was such, that the whole opposing force was chased in irretrievable rout and confusion from the field. Lord Fleming himself took no part in the battle. Along with Lords Herries and Livingstone and a small guard, he stood by the Queen's side at a thorn-tree, not far distant from Cathcart Castle, and watched the progress of the fight with breathless anxiety and suspense.

When that small party saw that their hopes were blasted and their des frustrated by the victory of the Regent, they lost no time in placing the Queen on horseback, and conveying her by a circuitous route through Ayrshire, Nithsdale, and Galloway, to the Abbey of Dundrennan.

Lord Fleming, Lord Herries, the Archbishop of St Andrews, and others who were present, implored her to abandon this de, and to put no faith in the specious promises and pretences of the English Queen. Finding her deaf to their remonstrances, they prevailed on her to an instrument exonerating them from all approval of, or complicity in, the step on which she had resolved.

A boat was then procured, and the Queen, accompanied by Lords Fleming, Boyd, Livingstone, and others, amounting in all to sixteen persons, crossed the Solway Firth, and landed at Workington, a small town on the coast of Cumberland. She there surrendered herself to the English.

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Deputy Warden, named Lowther, who ased her a residence in the Castle of Carlisle, till such time as he should receive instructions from Elizabeth regarding her further disposaL Lords Fleming and Herries hastened up to the English court, with the view of entering into arrangements for the Queen's proper accommodation; but their mission was unsuccessful, and Mary was shortly afterwards removed to Bolton Castle in Yorkshire, where she was placed in the strictest confinement.

Here, however, she found means to carry on a correspondence with her friends in Scotland, and, among others, with Lord Fleming. Lord John Fleming, after returning from London, was despatched by Queen Mary to the French court, to explain the late events in her history, to vindicate her character, and ask for advice and assistance. The Regent Murray, in order to justify his conduct in taking up arms against the Queen, publicly charged her with being accessory to the death of her husband Darnley.

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